University of Sargodha
MSc. 4th Term Examination 2017.
Subject I.T Course : IT Project Management (IT-4349)
Time allowed: 2:30 Hours Maximum Marks: 80
Note: Objective part is compulsory. Attempt any three questions from subjective part.
Objective Part (Compulsory)
Q.No.1: write short answer of the following in 2-3 lines each on your answer sheet.
i. Define project management?
Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements. Project management is accomplished through the use of the processes such as: initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing.
ii. What are the basic dimensions of project management?
iii. Differentiate between product and project?
PROJECT: A project is a temporary endeavor, with a clear definition of what needs to be delivered and by when. A project has a beginning and end date.
PRODUCT: A product is designed to continually create value for customers by solving their problems. Products have more permanence, are living entities which we deliver quickly, iterate constantly, and are not something that we just walk away from.
iv. What is PMI?
PMI stands for the Project Management Institute, and is a not-for-profit professional membership association for project managers and program managers. The aim of the association is to provide tools, network, and best practices to those who seek help to successfully manage their projects and portfolios.
v. Name any two types of organizational structure?
1. Functional Structure
2. Divisional Structure
3. Matrix Structure
vi. Define project charter?
ANSWER: A project charter is a formal, typically short document that describes your project in its entirety — including what the objectives are, how it will be carried out, and who the stakeholders are. It is a crucial ingredient in planning out the project because it is used throughout the project lifecycle.
vii. Discuss the importance of identifying Stakeholders?
· Stakeholder proves very helpful to discover Potential Risks.
· Stakeholders provide a valuable help in requirement gathering and analysis.
· Stakeholders increase perception of Quality
· Identifying stakeholders will reduce cost of Project.
viii. What is WBS
WBS, stands for Work break down structure, is a method for getting a complex, multi-step project done. It’s a way to divide and conquer large projects so you can get things done faster and more efficiently. Work breakdown structure (or WBS) is a hierarchical tree structure that outlines your project and breaks it down into smaller, more manageable portions.
ix. What is the basic structure of V-model
The V-model is a type of SDLC model where process executes in a sequential manner in V-shape. It is based on the association of a testing phase for each corresponding development stage. Development of each step directly associated with the testing phase. The next phase starts only after completion of the previous phase i.e. for each development activity, there is a testing activity corresponding to it.
x. Define risks?
Risk is any unexpected event that can affect the project. Risk can affect anything: people, processes, technology, and resources. Risks are events that might happen, and you may not be able to tell when.
xi. What are the advantages of prototyping?
- Reduced time and costs: Prototyping improves the quality of the specifications and requirements provided to customers. It reduces the chances of rework.
- Improved and increased user involvement: Prototyping requires user involvement and enables them to see and interact with a working model of their project.
- Increase Customer satisfaction level: Easy to communicate with users, leaders and other relevant people and reduce misunderstandings and prevent unfulfilled expectations.
xii. COCOMO stands for?
COCOMO Stands for Constructive Cost Model.
xiii. What are the problems in using LOC?
i. Lack of accountability
ii. Lack of cohesion with functionality
iii. Adverse impact on estimation:
iv. Developer’s experience
v. Difference in languages
xiv. What is the configuration control board?
A configuration control board (CCB), also known as a configuration management board, is a group that should play an essential role in an organization’s overall project strategy. Typically chaired by the CIO, these boards usually include voting representatives from every department in the company.
xv. Define Critical path.
The critical path is a sequence of activities in a project plan which must be completed on time for the project to complete on due date. If any activity in the sequence is delayed for a day, the entire project will be delayed for a day.
xvi. Name any to challenges for outsourcing?
- Slower turnaround time.
- Lack of business or domain knowledge.
- Language and cultural barriers.
- Time zone differences.
- Lack of control.
Attempt any four out of six Questions (4*12=48)
Q.No.4. Using the table of data provided, answer the following questions.
i. What is minimum time required to complete the project?
ii. What is the Critical Path of this project?
iii. What is the Early Start (ES) of the activity E?
iv. What is the Late Start Date (LS) for activity A?
v. What is the Late Finish(LF) date for activity F?
i. Minimum time required to complete the Project is 18
ii. Critical Path : B, F, E, G, J
iii. Early Start (ES) of the activity E is 6
iv. Late Start Date (LS) for activity A is 4
v. Late Finish(LF) date for activity F is 6